The Ottoman Scientific Heritage

By Ekmeleddin İhsanoğluTranslated into English by Maryam Patton

SKU: 101225 Categories: , Date: 2023Language: EnglishEdition: 1ISBN: 9781788146210Format: eBook, HardbackNo. of Volumes: 2No. of Pages: 1962Weight: 4.75kg


This book is a key historical reference, indispensable source, and significant novel contribution. It is no exaggeration to say that this is a gem among Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation’s prized publications, as it covers an important period in the history of Islamic heritage, hitherto neglected by most historians of the sciences.

The book presents the finest of Ottoman scientific heritage, revealing achievements in science and civilisation, and contributions to the cumulative human heritage, secured under the patronage of the Ottoman State throughout its six centuries of history.

The book comprises two volumes. The first volume presents an extensive analysis and study of Ottoman scientific heritage, comprising history, concept, origin, and coverage, as well as the translation movement, and teaching of rational sciences. It also addressed the modernity and modernisation phase, and the early appearance of new scientific institutions, as a result of connecting with Europe, especially, and with the West, in general. The second volume comprising two parts, meticulously presents the full scientific works of 370 of the most eminent scholars, selected from across the Ottoman geography, as well as 92 important texts from among 7,145 anonymous works.

Given the great importance of this large reference work, Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation resolved to undertake its translation to English. The aim is to provide access and facilitate benefit to a broader audience, as well as satisfy a growing and pressing need.

While the book fills a huge gap in the bibliographic field, it is also a compendium of numerous sciences, knowledge domains, and disciplines; for example, works on mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, battle techniques and weapons, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary science, geography, cartography, geology, agricultural science, forestry engineering, architecture, and music, authored in Arabic, Turkish, Persian, and some European languages, during the 18th and 19th century.

The release of this book represents a new breakthrough and substantial achievement, as well as valuable key and turning point, paving the way for novel and important studies relating to the history of Muslim science. It is also a landmark work shining light on the continued progress in Muslim science during the Ottoman period.

About the Author(s)

Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu has been a pioneering figure in the studies and researches in the field of History of Science in Islam. He has been working on three main subjects since late 70’s that never quote the attention of scholars either from the Muslim world or Western world. The first is about the scientific activities of late centuries (14-19) and the second is very important subject of the introduction of the modern science and technology to the Muslim world and the attitude of the Muslim scholars which is still a vital question and the third is about the history of institutions of science in Islam.

Prof. Ihsanoglu supervised many international projects sponsored by UNESCO and IRCICA; Master and PhD thesis’s on History of Science in Islam particularly. His publications and academic activities were appreciated by many international awards. Among them Alexandre Koyre Medal in History of Science given by the International Academy of History of Science (Paris, 2008).

He also has been awarded by 20 honorary doctorates and professorships from different European, American, Russian and Islamic universities. Most significant among these honorary doctorates in History of Science is from Galileo Chair at Padua University in Italy.

The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology established for the first time, an international award in the name of Prof. Ihsanoglu to given to the best PhD in the field of History of Science in Islam since 2009.

Prof. Ihsanoglu was a founder and co-founder of many institutions in this field:

  1. Founder of the first independent department in History of Science in Istanbul University, Turkey, 1984.
  2. Founder and first Director General of IRCICA between 1980-2004 where he established and edited series of research projects on science in Islam including 18 volumes of Ottoman Scientific Literature.
  3. Founder and Honorary President of Turkish Society for History of Science established in 1989.
  4. Co-founder of the Commission on History of Science and Technology in Islamic Societies in 1989 Hamburg under the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.
  5. President of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology between 2001-2005.

Prof. Ihsanoglu has authored, co-authored and edited many volumes on different aspect of culture and science in Islam which has been published in many languages; English Turkish, Arabic, Russian, Persian, Bosnian, Albanian, etc.

(Selected Publications)

  1. Ekmeleddin İhsanoglu and, Ottoman Scientific Literature (scientific disciplines such as Astronomy, Mathematics, Geography, Music, Medicine, natural and applied sciences, military art and science, astrology etc.) 18 volume
  2. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu and B. Rosenfeld, Mathematicians, Astronomers, and Other Scholars of Islamic Civilization and Their Works (7th – 19th v.). İstanbul: IRCICA, 2003.
  3. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, The House of Sciences: The First Modern University in the Muslim World, Oxford University Press, 2019.
  4. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, Ottoman Scientific Heritage, (in Arabic), Al-Furqan Foundation, London, 2020
  5. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (ed.). Transfer of Modern Science and Technology to the Muslim World. İstanbul: IRCICA, 1992.
  6. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu. Science, Technology and Learning in the Ottoman Empire: Western Influence, Local Institutions, and the Transfer of Knowledge. Oxon: Ashgate, 2003.
  7. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (chief ed. & co-author). History of the Ottoman State, Society and Civilisation, 2 vols. İstanbul: IRCICA, 2001-2002. (Including detailed two chapters on scientific institutions and literature) (available in Turkish, English, Arabic, Russian, Persian, Albanian & Bosnian languages).
    1. Ottoman Educational and Scholarly Scientific Institutions, p.357-515
    1. Ottoman Scientific Scholarly Literature, p. 517-603
  8. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (edited & introduction by), Cultural contacts in building a universal civilisation: Islamic Contributions, İstanbul: IRCICA, 2005.
  9. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (chief ed. & co-author). The Different Aspects of Islamic Culture, Volume Five: Culture and Learning in Islam. (English Edition), Paris: UNESCO, 2003; Ankara: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, 2008 (Turkish Edition).
  10. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, "Introduction of Western Science to the Ottoman World: A Case Study of Modern Astronomy (1660-1860)", Transfer of Modern Science and Technology to the Muslim World: Proceedings of the International Symposium on "Modern Science and the Muslim World", editör (edited by), Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, İstanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, 1992'nin içinde, 67-120.
  11. “Science in the Ottoman Empire”, Ottoman Civilization / edited by), Halil İnalcık ve Günsel Renda.- Ankara: Milli Kütüphane Yayınları, 2003, c.1, 318-343.
  12. "Ottomans and European Science", Science and Empires, edited by Patrick Petitjean... et al., Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992, 37-48.
  13. Scholars of Andalusian Origin and Their Contribution to Ottoman Science”, Suhayl: International Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilization, vol.14, 2015, 9-48.
  14. “Orthodox Christian Physicians and Scholars in the Ottoman Court”, Orthodox Christianity and Modern Science Tensions, Ambiguities, Potential, V. N. Makrides, G. E. Woloschak (eds.), Brepols Publisher, 2019
  15. “Modernization Efforts in Science, Technology and Industry in the Ottoman Empire (18th and 19th Centuries),” The Introduction of Modern Science and Technology to Turkey and Japan: International Symposium October 7-11, 1996, edited by Feza Günergun ve Kuriyama Shigehisa, Tokyo: International Research Center for Japanese Studies, p.15-35. (9570)
  16. “Institutions of Science Education: Classical” The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam, edited by İbrahim Kalın, cilt 2, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 386-397
  17. “Emergence of the Ottoman Medrese Tradition” Archivum Ottomanicum.- cilt: 25 (2008), [283]-338.
  18. “Institutionalisation of Science in the Medreses of pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Turkey” Turkish Studies in History and Philosophy of Science / edited by, Gürol Irzık and Güven Güzeldere.- Netherlands: Springer, 2005, 265-283.
  19. “Ottoman Educational Institutions”, Ottoman Civilization / editör (edited by), Halil İnalcık ve Günsel Renda.- Ankara: Milli Kütüphane Yayınları, 2003’ün içinde, c.1, 344-385.
  20. “The Birth of the Tradition of Printed Books in the Ottoman Empire: Transition from Manuscript to Print 1729-1848, (Hatice Aynur ile birlikte), Archivum Ottomanicum, 24 (2007): 165-196.
  21. “Islam and Modern Science” Science and Religion around the World /edited by John Hedley Brooke and Ronald L. Numbers, New York: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp.148-174.
  22. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (Edited and Introduction by), an Arabic biographical dictionary of 17th century by Katip Çelebi, Sullam al-Wusul ila Tabaqat al-Fuhul (The Ladder of Elevation to the Lives of the Great and Famous by Generation) Istanbul: IRCICA, 2010, 6 volumes.
  23. John Brooke & Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (ed.). Religious Values and the Rise of Science in Europe. Istanbul: IRCICA, 2005.


Keywords: ,


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “The Ottoman Scientific Heritage”

Your email address will not be published.

Additional information

Weight 4.75 kg
Dimensions 18 × 13 × 26 cm
Book Author

By Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu


Translated into English by Maryam Patton




eBook, Hardback







Publication Date


No. of Volumes


Book Editor

Translated into English by Maryam Patton



About eBooks


As ebooks cannot be returned, we are unable to refund payments.
Please take care when ordering to ensure you have purchased the correct format and title before completing your transaction. If you have concerns about your purchase, please contact us.



ebooks are available in:

  • PDF (encrypted) 

Digital Rights Management (DRM)

The eBooks are all provided in encrypted form, which means that you need to install free software in order to unlock and read it.

Required software

To read this ebook on a mobile device (phone or tablet) you'll need to install one of these free apps:

To download and read this eBook on a PC or Mac:

  • Adobe Digital Editions (This is a free app specially developed for eBooks. It's not the same as Adobe Reader, which you probably already have on your computer.)

Limits on printing and copying

Printing: Not enabled

Copy/Paste Not enabled


1. Step one: 

Download and Install Adobe Digital Editions

(You only need to do this once – the first time you download an ebook). 

Click here to install Digital Editions


2. Step Two:

Once you have installed (and authorised) Digital Editions, click on the Blue buttons with the book title. 



If this is your first eBook purchase please follow the instructions below. 

Please be aware that the eBook you have purchased is protected by DRM (Digital Rights Management). The ‘urllink.acsm’ file is not the eBook but the licence which allows you to download the eBook.


To open your eBook, please take the following steps:

1. Create Adobe ID

Ensure that you have created an Adobe ID on the Adobe website, if you do not have one, please navigate to the Adobe website and in the top-right corner, click “Sign In” and then “Get an Adobe ID”. 

Fill in your details and then verify your Adobe ID by checking your email confirmation.

2. Download Adobe Digital Editions

Download and install Adobe Digital Editions onto your device and authorise it by signing in with your Adobe ID.

3. Download eBook License

[screenshot of order confirmation page]

 Click on your eBook download link, this will download the eBook license file ‘urllink.ascm’.

Depending on which web browser you use, you may be given the option to either ‘Save file’ or ‘Open file with…’, however some web browsers may just automatically save the file (usually in your ‘Downloads’ folder). 


4. Import eBook License

If you are given the option to 'Open with.... ' then choose Adobe Digital Editions, otherwise navigate to the ‘urllink.ascm’ file and open it with Adobe Digital Editions. Your eBook should now be downloaded and displayed ready for reading.

You may also like…